Renfrewshire Council

First Past The Post (FPTP)

The UK General Election will take place on Thursday 8 June 2017 and will be by the First Past The Post (FPTP) method.

What is First Past the Post? (FPTP)

FPTP is the electoral system used to elect MPs to the House of Commons.  FPTP is a plurality electoral system in which the winning candidate only needs one vote more than their leading opponent in order to win their seat.

The winning candidate does not need to achieve a majority of votes (50%+1) in their constituency.

If one party is able win at least 50% of the seats in the House of Commons (326 out of a total 650) then its Leader is appointed as Prime Minister and has the ability to form a government.

How do I vote under FPTP?

Each political party selects one candidate to stand on their behalf, alongside independent candidates (those without parties). 

In order to vote, on the ballot paper you need to put a cross ('X') inside the box next to the name of the candidate or party that you wish to vote for. 

You can only vote for one candidate under FPTP. 

You then fold your paper in half and place it inside a box that's marked for completed ballots.

FPTP is conducted using a secret ballot, which enables people to freely vote for who they wish with complete anonymity. 

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